Paul Tsui Ka Cheung's Memoirs 1b
(b) My Extended Family
Conventional Family Tree
As can be seen from 族譜 a lot of space is required to graphically present a family tree on a chart form for large family like ours which has some 12 dozen direct descendants of only 4 generations from one common forebearer.
Pasting together three sheets of size A4 papers proved to be hardly long enough just for listing bilingually in compressed type the names of the grand children and their respective spouses in English and in Chinese. Unfortunately my word processor is not sophisticated enough, the service of a skill caligraphist is required to write in small print the Chinese characters in small print to match the compressed type set names in English. It is well nigh impossible to enlarge the chart horizontally to include 4th cousins, nor vertically to include grand parent/children beyond the fifth generation.
This summary therefore may best serve as the Who's Who ready reference for members of my immediate family, e.g., my sons and daughters, indicating how they may be related to each of individual member of our extended family named in the text; hence attempted as follows.
My eldest sister Tsui Mui Ying, Mary
My eldest sister Mary 徐梅英 was trained at the Queen Mary and Kowloon Hospitals where she qualified before the outbreak if the Pacific War as a nurse and a midwife. Along with her sister Agnes 徐瑞蘭, she received her education through the Cannosian sponsored Pui Ching (Chinese) School for girls and the Sacred Heart Convent (English) School on Caine Road. Prior to her taking up nursing as a life long career, she spent a short while as a novice with the Cannoisan Order, where she picked up some knowledge of the Itlaian language. For a short while during World WAr II, she served as a nurse with the British Army Aid Grup, but on marrying Cheung To Ning 張道寧 in January 1944 she reverted to be a school nurse in Ng Wah county town, a similar capacity which she worked for the Waichow Middle School at Ng Wah on the east bank of the East River prior to her joining the Lam Hau.
On returning to Hongkong after the war she served for many years (until she retired), as a staff nurse in the School Health Service of the Hongkong Government. Her husband Cheung To Ning 張道寧 was my teacher at the Kowloon Branch of Wah Yan College (1931-33); at which time he was also my private tutor in Chinese classics. Indeed I owe him a lot for my interest and knoweledge in Chinese literature and Chinesee Culture. He was an effective tutor in Chinese Literature as he always told an interesting background story relating to a narative or an essay or a poem before he got down to tackle the text of the selected masterpieces from the golden treasury of Chinese classics.
When it came to composition, he took pains to stress the importance of choosing the right words to express more precisely a concept or an idea. He taught Chinese for many years in the Kowloon Branch of Wah Yan College before the War. After the war he switched job to become the Principal of the primary school attached to the Protestant secondary school at Sai Ying Pun; namely the Kau Yan College on High Street.
Unfortunately he turned blind shortly before he retired. They have two sons; namely, Cheung Kar Kui Michael, a male nurse with the Hongkong Government; and Cheung Tin Chung Jimmy, a stock and share broker specializing in American shares. Between them they have begotten grandsons and granddaughters for the Cheung family.
My 2nd eldest sister Tsui Shui Lan, Agnes
It was Agnes 徐瑞蘭 who taught me how to say my prayers, who led all of us brothers and sisters kneeling down daily to say our morning and evening prayers together, who reminded us of our obligation to say our prayers before and after our meals and to abstain from meat on Fridays, who brought us to Church for Masses/Benedictions on Sundays and Feast Days, etc.
In many ways Agnes 徐瑞蘭 was a born leader. She was a tower of strength and a source of wisdom in the family; she had a heart of gold, a mind like King Solomon, a teaching skill comparable to St. Paul, a love imitative of Christ, and above all a generous hostess of immense hospitality. Her house has always been an open house to every one of us, who were brothers or sisters or "in-laws" or nephews of neices to her. We used to take for granted that her house was our home; we simply walked in and we would be fed if it were meal times, or would be dprovided with a bed if it were at night. A number of us actually lived as lodgers in her house - some for days, some for months, others for years - as we found it convenient. In point a fact, my eldest daughter Margaret 徐慰儀 was actually born in her house at Hing Ning 興寧, when I myself had returned to Hongkong with my army unit, ahead of the family.
Unashamedly I admit, I did not cry when my mother died and subsequently when my father died, but I cried when my sister Agnes 徐瑞蘭 died on 19 May 1981. She died literally on my arms, of a heart attack, at a "Dim Sum" luncheon in a Restaurant, when least expected. If ever there was a problem or a crisis, big or small, developed in the family, the natural thing to do was always to turn to Agnes for advice or for dicision; she had never disappointed us.
Agnes 徐瑞蘭 was a school teacher for some forty years in a Jesuit school for boys, the Wah Yan College of Hongkong. Her teaching methods and techniques were admired by all including her Jesuits colleagues, young and old, lay and cleric. She was well remembered as "Madam" by all her pupils, over a thousand of them.
She also rendered solid assistance to her husband in running a very successful Travel Agency, The International Toursit Service Ltd, the first ever owned and operated by a local boy. Her husband Ng Tsun Fan 吳晉藩 alia Joe Wu was my teacher the first year when I was enrolled in class 7 at the Wah Yan College on Hongkong Island.
He was a hard worker, right from the start. In his spare time, he learnt through private studies, commerical art and became a teacher of same before he was invited to manage a Catholic Mission owned book shop; namely, The Good Press a few years before the outbreak of the Pacific War.
When the War broke out, he was working for a Ko family in an investment firm. During the war years he operated a trading firm in war time China. When the War was over, he first worked as shipping agent in Canton until their ship the s.s. Sai On caught fire and was destroyed. He then worked for another shipping firm which operated three river boats plying between Canton/Macao/ Hongkong.
After the Chinese Peoples Republic Government took over Canton, he started his own Travel Agency, the I.T.S. International Tourist Service which flourished right up to the mid Seventies, when the "Oil Crisis" ruined some of his oversea counter-parts, resulting an insurmountable cash flow problem on his part which forced him to wind up his own business. Be that as it may, when my sister died in 1981, she left an estate valued over Twenty Million Hongkong Dollars, of which I have been named one of the smaller beneficiaries. 吳晉藩 died in early 1987. They were survived by Vincent Ng 吳泳勳, who has a daughter, named Maria Mei Bun.
My elder brother Tsui Chun Cheung, Philip
Agewise, Philip was no more than two years senior to me; but somehow, he had always been my "big brother" in more than one sense. He was enrolled as a student in Wah Yan College when he was still very young (grossly underaged), whereas I had to start my school in a Chinese primary school for girls.
When I was a country boy studying at Tsung Him School in Fanling, New Terroitories, Philip was travelling daily, along with my father and my two sisters (Mary and Agnes), by train from Fanling to attend classes in Wah Yan on Hongkong Island. When I became old enough to be enrolled at Wah Yan College, Philip had decided to change school to study Latin and other subjests in the Holy Spirit Junior Seminary (by the side of the Cathedral at Caine Road), in preparation for priesthood. When he found that priesthood was not likely to be the carreer for him, he left the seminary and resumed his position as the "big brother" in the family, and led Mark and myself attending classes in the Kowloon Branch of Wah Yan in the second half of the year 1931.
When he did not make the grade for entry to the Univeristy of Hongkong at the Matiiculation Examination in 1933, he accepted my father's offer of an appointment as the estate manager for the family's rubber plantation in Jesselton British North Borneo. There he later got married and raised a family of a daughter and three sons.
When the Japanese Armed Forces invaded and occupied Bristish North Borneo during War War II, he was accused of having something to do with an abortive attempt of Allied landing on British Borneo, and was arrested by the Japanese Kempeitai. He was locked up in jail for quite a while, where he was tortured and abused. On the Liberation of Borneo by the Allied Forces in 1945, he was released from captivity, but was too ill to survive to enjoy the fruit of Victory - the Peace. He died on board the ship which carried him back to Jesselton, only to have a glimpse of the land through the port-hole. His widow, Bernadette Liu Suet Ying ( ) brought back to Hongkong in 1946, 3 sons Tsui Sum Yin ( ) Tsui Sum Kin ( ), Tsui Sum Wai ( ) and a daughter Tsui Sum Mei ( ). The latter has since migrated to Australia with her family of ___; but the three sons remained in Hongkong with the mother.
My brother Tsui Shing Cheung, Mark
Mark 徐聲祥 and I have been almost inseparable ever since the days when we both were very young. He was born in September 1918 and I in November 1916 - an age difference of only two.
We have many things in common. We went to the same schools, did our private studies under the same tutors, and attended the same University in which for two and half years in the latter, we were in the same class.
During the war years, we worked in the same military unit the British Army Aid Group. For our War service, Mark 徐聲祥 was awarded the King's Medal of Courage in the Cause of Freedom, I the Membership of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. I married the sister of his girl friend Agnes 練杰文 who subsequently married him; this explains why we were married to two sisters from the same family.
After the War, Mark 徐聲祥 first tried his luck in the trading business when I joint the Civil Service. He did not make much of a success in his business ventures, and so he changed job to become a carreer teacher which he proved to be very good at it; he ended up as a headmaster of a primary school. He was highly respected within the Educational Circle particularly in the New Territories, and was invited to serve on several Committees, some statutory others administrative, on various aspects of Education in Hongkong.
His wife too spent many years teaching. They have a son 徐佩樂 ( Robert ) and a daughtrer 徐碧愉 ( Angela). The former qualified as a system analyst in comupter science has been working for the Urban Council in Hongkong, the latter married David Chan Shu Hung ( ) a leading manufacturer of costume jewelry; they are now raising a famly of 3 sons Roy, Roby and Roomy in Toronto, Canada.
My brother Tsui Man Cheung, Matthew
Matthew 徐萬祥 was born in the annexe to Wah Yan College at 2 Robinson Road in 1921, the year when Wah Yan made its presence felt. When a small boy in Fanling, he must have impressed my father deeply with his brightness; and soon he became "Ah Pa""s favourite. Every time when my "Ah Pa" took his shot gun out hunting, Matthew would follow him to pick up "Ah Pa's trophies. "Ah Pa" had plenty of time for him. However
Matthew 徐萬祥 had a very sensitive skin on his two legs; his blood seemed to be more attractive to mosquitoes and sandflies, wherever he went he would be bitten all over his two legs; the dirt in the fields must have turned the bites septic and ulcers developed. As a result he has many scars on the trunks of both his two legs.
In school he was always a bright boy, and he pleased his teachers a lot. Matthew decided to get married early, thus forfeiting his chance of going to University. He got married to Clara Fu 富季華 before Mark 徐聲祥 and myself, and their elder son, 徐佩明 (Bartholomew) was born just a few weeks before the Japanese Army invaded Hongkong in 1941. When Tsui Pui Ming Bart 徐佩明 was born,Matthew 徐萬祥 was working as a shroff in the then newly established Immigration Department of Hongkong. (The pre-war immigration department was an entirely different set up from the 1960 reoreganized Hongkong Immigration Department of to day).
On our return to Tsim Hang in Ng Wah County, Matthew 徐萬祥 first worked as a teacher of English in the Provincial Wasichow Secondary School then located at Lam Hau on the east bank of the East River near Lung Chuen. A year after he switched job was teaching in another secondary school in the county town of Ng Wah. Thereeafter he joint the British Army Aid Group.
After the War he first helped our brother-in-law Joe Wu in s shipping agency in Canton. Later he switched job to join the Col. Clague's John D Hutchinson and worked as a salesman for consumers (non-durable) goods, such as chocolate, toilet papers, cosmetics etc., in which he exceelled. He rose to become a manager, and was subsequently promoted to be a Joint Managing Director of the Firm when he retired.
Matthew has a large family composed of Tsui Pui Ming Bart, Tsui Pui Kit, Tsui Bik Yee Beatrice, Tsui Bik Mei, Tsui Bit Ling, Tsui Pui Luk Gregrory, Tsui Pui Yung and Tsui Pui Mun
My 8th brother Tsui Sai Cheung, Stephen
Stephen, like me, was born at High Street Sai Ying Pun and was baptized at the St. Anthony's Church. He must have chosen the right year to be born, for it was the year when my father was soon to reach the pinnacle of his carreer. "Ah Pa" was quite wealthy by that time, as he had already got his school admitted to the Government Grant in Aid List, and could afford to admit as his partner, a go-ahead teacher Mr. Lim Hoy Lan. Mr. Lim was thus invited to be the godfather of Stephen and as an indirect result, Stephen was the only one in the family for whom a "Moon Yuet" celebration was held.
Further more Stephen was the only one in the family for whom an expensive imported pram was bought, and for whom a full time baby-amah was employed to exclusively take care of him. For Stephen, tinned sweetened condensed milk was not good enough, fresh milk from the Dairy had to be ordered. The latter did not do him much good, or it might have been the lack of knowledge in food hygiene, Stephen had a more than his fair share of attacks of diarrhea.
It was also the year after Stephen was born that "Ah Mi" heard the bad news that her mother (i.e., my maternal grandmother) was ill, and was anxious to see her beloved daughter whom she had not seen for many years. So "Ah Mi" made up her mind to visit grandma in up country of Ng Wah, and decided to bring along her youngest son, Stephen to receive grandma's blessings. Half way on their way home, they were robbed by pirates. Stephen was literally kipnapped; but he cried persistently and so loud that the pirates soon decided it was not worth the while, gave up and returned the baby to "Ah Mi". Whereupon "Ah :Pa" had to make an overnight special trip to Swatow to bring them back.
As a baby, Stephen had a pair of big and very bright eyes and a pair of very big ears. However, on moving to live in our new house at Fanling, he too, like Matthew, could not withstand the attacks of mosquitoes and sandflies. The insect bites turned septic and developed into boils all over his head, which left him many scars including one ugly one on his left eye. What a pity !
Typical of Tsuis, Stephen has a very strong mind of his own, and once he has convinced himself on a point, he would insist on his point right to the bitter end. He always has his logic and reasons to back up his point, and would argue from a premises not normally taken by others.
In all respects he is a perfect gentleman, very considerate and always generous. He was so generous that when the whole family took refuge in China during the Japanese occupation of Hongkong, he agreed to stay behind to hold the fort, for the well being and over all benefits of the entire family, to take care of the interests of landed properties in enemy occupied Hongkong, collecting the rentals (in kinds), converting them into cash, and remitting the money up country to feed the larege family in refuge. As a result, he exposed himself to the risks, and was accused of and arrested for providing the finance needed by underground agents of the British Army Aid Group. For this he was locked up, tortured and imprisoned for several months. It was lucky that he survived the captivity and multiple torture to see us after the Libertation of Hongkong in 1945.
Thereafter, he acted as one of the witnesses in War Crime trials, and assisted in bringing to justices certain war criminals. After the war he went to the University of Hongkong, but did not complete the degree course. He too later joint Col. Clague's John D Hutchinson and earned his living as a salesman for (non-durable) consumers goods, and was quite successful in it; so successful that he was able not only to travel a lot to see many parts of the world on board luxurious Liners, but could also afford to retire early and migrated to Canada with his wife Myrtle and a daughter Tsui Tin Lai Tina ( ) who has graduated from the Univrsity of Toronto with a degree in dramatic art.
My 9th brother Tsui Him Cheung, Joseph
Him Cheung was the family's first born in our new house, the "Shek Lo" (石廬 ). His was named after the name of the village, Tsung Him. "Ah Kung" (Grandpa ׄ) was very proud to have yet another grandson added to the family, who was born in the proud new house of his own son. "Ah Kung" was so proud that he ordered the loudest possible fire crackers there were to be bought to fire in celebration. I recall it was the kind wrapped in bamboo mats, measuring 2" x 2" x 6", which made a noise a big as the explosion of granites on a construction site.
It was in late Fifth Moon of the lunar calender in the year 1925, at the time where there was the General Strike in Hongkong. The family midwife, Cheung Ching To, Sae Ku ( ) could not come on account of train stopage; in her place, Mrs. Cheung War Bun ( ) wife of the village preacher i.e., mother of Cheung Shui Wing ( ), assisted by Aunt No.6, attended the confinement. The General Strike also affected the supply of condensed milk and so Him Cheung's diet had to be augmented with starch of rice sweetened with sugar to supplement the inadequate supply of mother's milk in breast feeding. I loved the taste of burnt crust of the starch meal (i.e., the toasted part at the bottom of the sauce-pan in which the starch was cooked), for that reason I used to volunteer to help when starch was ordered so that I might claim as bonus the burnt crust I could scraped from the bottom of the sauce-pan. For diapers, the cloth salvaged from the emptied flour bag was the best material because it was relative soft, the measurements right and above all reltively cheap. Being the elder one left in the house during the day time it fell upon me to help in folding into smaller packs the clean and dried diapers ready for reuse, but I would find excuses not to have to wash the soiled diapers, if I could get away with it.
Him Cheung learnt to play Chinese Chess at the age of 5, and was quite good at the game. He frequently beat me at the game and occasionally challenged the elders including "Ah Pa" and beat them too.
On growing older, he seemed to have flare in picking up all forms of skills for which tools had to be used; soon he became the handiman in the house. He was at home in the kitchen as well as at the sewing machine; and has proved himself competent in preparing a meal for 80 to 100 persons for family gatherings, as well as cutting pieces of cloths and sewing them into clothings, beddings etc. for his wife and family. He outclassed every one of us in the family in games of mahjong. At the age of 15 when the Japanese Army took Hongkong,
Him Cheung dared to take on a ten-day walking journey on his own (along with groups of unknown refugees), and went all his way cross country on foot from Fanling in the New Territories, to our ancestral home far away at Tsim Hang in Ng Wah county, a place he had only heard about but where he had never been before in his life.
The War came a bit too early for him, for it upset his otherwise normal course of secondary schooling. On account of the changing situation of the War, he had to break up his secondary school course and completed it at four different places; partly in Hongkong, partly at Lam Hau, partly at Kukong and partly at Ng Wah. Despite all that, he succeeded in gain admission after the War to the Northcote Teachers' Trainaing College in Hongkong.
On graduation, he soon showed his flares in organizing abilities, and was admired for his competence and efficeincy in setting up time tables for the entire schools, as well as in organizing Inter-school Sports Meets, satisfying everybody. Soon he was appointed to be headmaster of one government primary school after another, and in which capacity he served the Hongkong Government until he retired at the statutory limiting age of 55. While teaching he was concurrently elected Village Representative for the Shung Him Tong Village, and he made his presence felt in the Fanling Rural Committee for many years.
Him Cheung has a large family of his own, including Tsui Pui Yuen ( ) who had the misfortune of having had an attack of meningitis when a baby which affected his hearing, Tsui Pui Bun ( ), Tsui Pui Ki ( ), Tsui Pui Woon ( ),daughter Tsui Pui Hing ( ), Tsui Pui Suen ( ). The last mentioned married an American girl and is now a U.S. citzen. Him Cheung is perhaps the most knowledgeable person who could tell at once, who's who in our extended family.
My sister Tsui Ping Ying, Louisa
Probably the wealthiest amongst us brothers and sisters should be my 10th sister Tsui Ping Ying Louisa ( ). She married Lee Ting Kong ( ) whom she met while an undergraduate at the University of Hongkong. Ping Ying received her edcuation partly in Hongkong partly in China. She received her primary school education initially at Tsung Him but later at Pui Ching School for Girls on Caine Road, where she did her junior middle school levels.
During the war, she received a part of her secondary education at Yuen Hang and another part at the Lingnam middle school near Kukong. After the war, she first was enrolled at the Lingnam University of Canton, but later transferred to the University of Hong Kong.
She started her working life as a teacher, and only after Ting Kong became a fully licensed share broker that she gave up teaching to help her husband in the share broking business. Ting Kong is a son of Lee Tung ( ) formerly an Accountant for the Bank of East Asia. The ̄Lee family has a tradition of being very careful with money. They have been brought up aiming to become extremely conscientious of being reliable and trust worthy, particularly with moneys.
Ting Kong owns and runs a share broking firm of his own, and concurrently manage a family investment business, which included ownership of substantial holdings of stocks and shares, besides realties in the forms of commercial and residential buildings of various descriptions. In her husband's share broking business Louisa helped not only as an office manager and public relations officer, but also as the treasurer. She has a fairly substantial private holding of her own.
They have a daughter Kar Lai ( ) who is married to a Li family in Singapor, and 4 sons; namely, Kar Lick ( ), Kar Si ( ), Kar Lum ( ) and Kar Hang ( ). Louisa herself has been appointed one of the trustees and executors for my late mother's will, and in addition she has assisted in a capacity as an honorary adviser in the management of our family interests, including the Estate of my deceased father, and indirectly the Estate of Agnes my deceased sister. On the whole, the Lees are a very dependable and trustworthy family.
The younger branch of Tsui family
The eldest surviving son born of Tsui Kwan Chiu Kuen ( ), the sncondary wife of my father, is Tsui Yau Cheung ( ), who now owns and manages what was foremerly the family's rubber plantation, the Pak On Rubber Estate in Kota Kina Balu in Sabah, Eastern Malaysia. Next after Yau Cheung is Tsui Tat Cheung ( ), who retired from John D Hutchison where he worked for some years as a salesman. Next then is Tsui Kwong Cheung ( ) who works in a Government Garage in Kota Kina Balu, Sabah. Next is Tsui Tsang Ying,( ) a daughter who is in Borneo. Next is Tsui Tsung Cheung ( ) who has migrated to Scotland. Next is Tsui Nyam Cheung ( ), then Tsui Sam Cheung ( ), then Tsui Tung Cheung ( ), all three of whom are in Kota Kina Balu, and then a daughter Tsui Nyam Wu ( ) then Tsui Luk Cheung ( ) and then a daughter Tsui Dora ( ) all three in Hongkong.
Relatives other than issues of Tsui Yan Sau
Tsui Lai Kuen, and her father, Tsui Yan Cheung
Amongst our 1st, 2nd or 3rd cousins, the most frequent visitor to our house has been Tsui Lai Kuen ( ). She is the eldest daughter of Tsui En Cheung ( ), who in turn, is the eldest son of Tsui Yan Yum ( ), who in turn is the elder son of Tsui Wang Kwong ( ), an elder (3rd) brother of Tsui Wang Mo, my grandfather. In other words, Tsui Lai Kuen's father was my 2nd cousin, and her grandfather was my father's fist cousin, and her great grandfather was my grandfather's brother. Thus Tsui Lai Kuen's youngest sister Tsui Mei Kuen ( ) is equally as closely related to us as Tsui Lai Kuen Don't forget that Tsui Lai Kuen came from a large family of nine; namely, ԆTsui Pui Ying ( ) who prefers to be called Tsui Man Shing ( ), Tsui Pui Ho, Tsui Man Kuen, Tsui Siu Kuen, Tsui Wai Kuen, Tsui Oi Kuen, Tsui Mei Kuen and Tsui Pui Chuen. The Chinese character Chuen should be written ( ) which differs from the ( ) which is the Chinese name of Nick.
Tsui Lai Kuen, a mid-wife by profession became a very close friend of Mama when she came to stay with us at Dunrose in Castle Peak as a house guest at the time when our 5th son Andrew was born. Later when we moved to live at 154 Carpenter Road in Kowloon City and while I was attending my Devonshire Course at Oxford, ̄Lai Kuen was posted to the nearby Lee King Memorial Clinic in Kowloon City. As Mama was expecting our 6th son Joseph to be born, Lai Kuen frequented our house keeping Mama good company and giving Mama the support she most needed. It was thereafter that Lai Kuen got married to a perfect gentleman Lau Ping Ming ( ). They remained very close to us ever since, so much so when John and Nicholas jointly planned to start their own firm, CLIC Design Ltd., it was ̄Lau Ping Ming who put up the badly needed initial capital in the form of an interest free loan. Lai Kuen's father was ordained a pastor to theShung Chun Wui (successor of the Basel Mission) Chapel at Nam Wah Po Village (near Hong Lok Yuen). For a time before the war,En Cheung was headmaster firstly for a primary school at Li Long, (north of Shum Chun), and later for another primary school at Lo Lung ( ) up the East River.
Tsui Chee Cheung in Honolulu
Tsui Chee Cheung ( ) is a younger brother of Tsui En Cheung, which is to say, an blood uncle of Tsui Lai Kuen. It was at the time when En Cheung was headmaster at Li Long where and when his brother Tsui Chee Cheung got married to Kong Wan Chun ( ), a girl of Li Long ancestry, born of a mother surnamed Lin ( ) the same surname as my wife Rose, who was in fact a distant relative of my father-in-law. When she got married Kong Wan Chun had recently returned from Honolulu where she spent her childhood her father was a seaman working for the American Navy. At the wedding between Tsui Chee Cheung and Kong Wan Chun I was the bestman. Chee Cheung at the time was working as a land agent for the Chinese Section of the Canton Kowloon Railways. Later Chee Cheung switched job to become a staff officer (Major) in the Ordnance Department of the Military Headquarters in Canton under General Chung Yuk Lin ( ) a 3rd cousin of mine, who was Director of Armaments for General Chan Chai Tong ( ) Chee Cheung was displaced when the Japanese Army landed and occupied Canton, and was forced to switch job to work for the anti malarial section of the Public Health department in Hongkong. After the war, and subsequent to his daughterJune Tsui Sau Tin marring Bertram Hill of Honolulu, Chee Cheung and family including his son David Tsui Pui Yee ( ) and a daughter Suzan Tsui Tau San ( ) also migrated to join June, his daughter in Honolulu.
Sau Tin was born in Canton (? in 1935) at the time when I happened to have attempted but failed in a recruitment examination for the Chinese Maritime Customs service. Chee Cheung's son son David Tsui Pui Yue ( ) was drafted into the U.S.Army for the Vietnam War. It was at the time when David was serving in Vietnam that he visited us every now and then when he was on his Rest and Recreation vacations in Hongkong; David subsequently got married in Hongkong. David has now 2 sons and a daughter. Chee Cheung's younger daughter Tsui Sau San Suzan visited us at our house in Hongkong not so long ago, when she was on holiday visiting China.
In addition to En Cheung and Chee Cheung, Tsui Yan Yum had 6 other sons; namely, Tsui Ki Cheung, Tsui Tsun Cheung, Tsui Yau Cheung, Tsui Sau Cheung,
Tsui Oi Cheung and Tsui Kin Cheung.
Tsui Yan Choi and Tsui Yan Fook in Borneo
Tsui Yan Yum had two brothers; namely, Tsui Yan Choi and Tsui Yan Fook, both of them migrated to British North Borneo prior to World War II. Tsui Yan Choi had five sons; namely, Tsui Chi Cheung, Tsui Woon Cheung, Tsui King Cheung, Tsui Wai Cheung and Tsui Ting Cheung. Tsui Yan Fook had three sons; namely, Tsui Yiu Cheung, Tsui Yue Cjheung and Tsui Ding Cheung. Prior to migration, Tsui Yan Choi, for a time, taught as a teacher in the village school of ׂWor Hang near Shataukok in the New Territories.
Liu Hok Nang's mother Tsui Hau Lan
Another frequent visitor to our house has been Liu Hok Yan ( ). He is the 3rd son of Tsui Hau Lan ( ) who was the 3rd daughter of Tsui Yan Shum ( ) a brother of my father. In other words, Liu Hok Yan is a son of my first cousin, a very close relative indeed. Further more in her life time, Liu Hok Yan's mother Tsui Hau Lan was socially very close to my mother. As close as Tsui Lai Kuen has been closely associated with my wife. Liu Hok Yan has 4 brothers; namely, Liu Hok Nang, the doctor, Liu Hok Wang, the Police Officer who died of fever in Swatow shortly after the end of World War II, and Liu Hok Shing and Liu Hok Lum, both of whom are now in Taiwan. Liu Hok Yan's father Liu Ki Ming ( ) was my teacher firstly at Tsung Him School in Fanling (1925 9) and later at Wah Yan College Kowloon (1931-4). In the later part of his life, Liu Ki Ming continued to teach at Kowloon Wah Yan, but was additionallty practising herbalistic medicine in his spare time. He also operated a quarry in Tsuen Wan. Both Liu Ki Ming and his son Liu Hok Nang have been forever ready giving preferential priority medical attention to my father, mother and other members of the family. Liu Hok Nang's son Liu Che Yung ( ) who recently got married, is a dentist, and he too gave priority attention to the family's dental care. Liu Hok Nang has also a daughter Liu ( ). Whereas Liu Hok Yan has a pair of twin sons, both of whem got married recently.
Tsui Yan Shum the maternal grandfater of Liu Hok Nang and Liu Hok Yan, who ranked second in a family of 11, was an elder brother of my father. Yan Shum had three sons and seven daughters; namely, Tsui King Cheung, Tsui Lim Ying, Tsui Fong Lan, Tsui Hau Lan, Tsui Ah Yung, Tsui Tsang Cehung, Tsui Tak Cheung, Tsui Shuk Mui and her twin sisiter Shuk Han and the youngest Tsui Shuk Ying. It was most unfortunate that all the three sons of Tsui Yan Shum died of T.B., and only one of them Tsui Tak Cheung was survived by a son Tsui Pui Lo ( ) who now lives in Chi Fu Fa Yuen in Hongkong. Yan Shum might have foreseen all these, and long before he died, he adopted a nephewTsui Chip Cheung ( ) as an additional son. Chip Cheung migrated to Toronto Canada. Of his seven daughters it appears only Tsui Hau Lan, who married Liu Ki Ming, is survived by four sons and 4 grand children; all of whom are university graduates.
Pang Chiu On and his mother Pang Tsui Ching Wo
The closest amongst the sisters and brothers of my father would appeared to be Tsui Ching Wo ( ), No.6 in the family, who married Pang Lok Sam ( ). Another frequent visitor to our house has been Pang Chiu On ( ). He is my first cousin, a son of Tsui Ching Wo, my father's closest sister. Originally trained as a lay preacher for the Basel Mission, Pang Lok Sam rose to become the first Chairman of Heung Yee Kuk for the New Territories, and who in his life time in the pre-World War II days, was very widely known and the most popularly acclaimed leader for the diversified Hakka communities in Hongkong. He was Chairman of the Tsuin Tsing Association, an umbrella organization for Hakka people all over the world including those living abroad in New York, Havaii, and certain parts of Malaya. He was in particular the undisputed lay leader of the Hakka Protestant Communities; namely, Shung Chun Wui, the independent successor of what was formerly the Basel Mission from Switzerland. Pang Lok Sam retired from public life shortly after the War and he died in the year 1947. It was Pang Lok Sam who carved a piece of land our od his private holdings and sell it by private treaty to my father for the latter to build his own house in Shung Him Tong Village of Fanling. When my aunt Pang Tsui Ching Wo died in 1985, she had lived to witness the changes over a period of more than 100 years of her time.
Pang Chiu On ranks 9th in a family of 12. His eldest sister Pang Fung Ming, then 4 brothers Pang Chiu Cheung, Pang Chiu Ki, Pang Chiu Tuen, Pang Chiu Yan, then a girl Pang Fung Yee, and then 4 sons Pang Chiu Chung, Pang Chiu Cheong, Pang Chu On, Pang Chiu Fong and then two daughters Pang Fung Chun and Pang Fung Kiu. Unfortunately, only 5 of them survive to day; namely Fung Ming in Sarawak, Chiu Cheung in Jamaica, Chiu Ki in New York, Chiu On currently in the process of migrating to Canada, and Fung Kiu in New York. Chiu Cheung has a son, Pang SunMan ( ) in Vancouver. Chiu Tuen has a son Pang Kwok Yiu ( ) in New York, Chiu Yan had two sons Pank Kwok Yee andPang Kwok Lai ( ) in Hongkong and two sons Pang Kwok Sun Pan Kwok Chi ( ) in Britain. Chiu On has a son in Hongkong and several daughters of whom ---are in Canada and in the USA. Fung kiu has ----- sons and -daughters in New York.
Cheung Yan Lun and his mother Cheung Tsui Tak Chun
Another close cousin of mine is Cheung Yan Lun ( ), who is a son of my father's 5th sister Tak Chun. Yan Lun in fact is the 4th child in a family of seven. His eldest brother Cheung Yan Sung ( ) was the first student to have been registered in the students register of Wah Yan College Hong Kong. Cheung Yan Sung has been the Clerk and Accountant of Wah Yan College for many years before the war. He gave up all these to become a close follower of Christ in a Religious house somewhere in Kong Mun after the war.
Yan Lun 2nd elder brother Cheung Yan Fui ( ) gained admission to the Whampoa Military Academy in the early Twenties, but he did not survive to enjoy the "Victory" of World War II. The 3rd child in the family was a girl, Cheung Kwan Ying ( ) who married Chu Nam Sang ( ) who was originally trained to be a cook for the German missionaries of the Basel Mission. Later he joined the staff of the Kowloon Branch of Wah Yan under my father when he proved himself to be a very trustworthy and reliable janitor for Wah Yan College in Kowloon. So reliable was he that Mr. ̄Lim Hoy Lan valued his service after my father retired, and when the Jesuit Fathers took over the Kowloon Wah Yan, they took Chu Nam Sang along to look after the much enlarged newly built school. When Chu Nam Sang eventually retired, his son, Chu Chi Keung ( ) took over, but rose to become the Chief Steward, not only for the school but also for the Household of the Jesuit fathers in Kowloon. Chu Nam Sang celebrated his 90th birthday some years ago and is now enjoying his well earned retirement.
Yan Lun is 4th in the family of seven. Prior to the War he worked as an interpreter for the locally enlisted British military units in Hongkong, and during the war years he continued his service under the British Army Aid Group. After the war he worked in the Accounts Office of John D Hutchinson under Sir Douglas Calgue. Yun Lun has a son, Cheung Wang Kwong ( ) who had risen to a gazetted rank in the Royal Hongkong Police Force; Yan Lun also has a daughter who is a woman police inspector also of the Royal Hongkong Police Force. Two of Yan Lun younger brothers Cheung Yan Cheung ( ) and Cheung Yan Kau ( ) died some years ago. In her life time, Yan Lun's mother Tsui Tak Chun had the reputation of being the smartest amongst the Tsui girls, unfortunate, her husband died relatively young. In her widowhood she learnt to become a lay preacher assisting in the evangelic work, and in a later part of her life, she had the reputation of learning to ride a bicycle at the age of over sixty for her missinary work.
Tang Chor Shing, the master mariner
The other cousin who visited us sparingly has been Tang Chor Shing ( ), the eldest son of my 10th aunt, Tsui Kuk Sau ( ), who married the artist, Tang Po Wah ( ) who drew the excellent carbon portrait of my grand father, which had been hung up high on the wall in my father's house. Tang Chor Shing started off as a wireless operator working on board a Butterfield and Swire coaster plying along the China coast. During the World War II, he got caught in Europe, where he studied hard and improved his navigation knowledge to qualify as a sea-faring master mariner. He survived the World War II and rose to become a Captain of several ships operating around Indonesia. His son Tang Kwong Kin ( ) who serves as a Senior Labour Officer in the Labour Department of Hongkong Government, and Kwong Kin's wife a qualified clinical psychiatrist now practising as such in Hongkong. Chor Shing's younger brother Tang Ming Shing ( ) was a military medical officer in the Chinese Army, but he did not survive the war. Chor Shibg's other brother Tang Shu Shing ( ) who was my class mate for a time, graduated from Lingnam University in agricultural; he migrated to Canada, and is believed to be living in Toronto.
Cheung Suet Mui (Mrs Wan) wife of the Fur Dealer
In recent years Anna wife of Nick, through modelling for promotion of Fur Coats, came to know well Mrs. Wan Si Wah ( ) of the Blue Angel, a fur dealer, said to be related to us. Anna and Nick asked in what way were we related. Well ̈́Mrs. Wan's maiden name should be Cheung Suet Mui ( ), she is a daughter of Tsui Kai Ying ( ) daughter of Tsui Yan Wai ( ) the 11th and youngest brother of my father. Kai Ying's brother Tsui Wan Cheung ( ) came and played games of mahjong with me in my house a few times before. ׄWan Cheung is the 2nd son of my uncle Tsui Yan Wai. They are therefore, my first cousins. ׄWan Cheung started his working carreer as a civilian employee for the British Army Headquarters in Hongkong. When the Army establishment was retrenched in the Fifties, he applied and was accepted for transfer to the civil government of Hong Kong; he was subsequently posted to work as a Traffic Investigator in the Transport Department, in which capacity he served until he retired. ׄWan Cheung has a number children, of whom one was ordained as a Pastor. ׄWan Cheung in fact is the 3rd child in a family of 8. The last time I met his eldest sister, Tsui Nan Ying ( ) was in Ku Chuk ( ) on the east Bank of the East River, where her husband kept a shop, way back in 1943. Nan Ying was in fact born in the sasme year as I was born 1916, but she was one month younger than me. However I have not heard of her for some 45 years. Wan Cheung's elder brother Tsui Hon Cheung ( ) used to work for the NAAFI before the War, but changed job to become a teacher in the later part of his life. When he died about 10 years ago in Fanling, he was a teacher in a primary school operated by a Lutheran Church.
Tsui Kam Cheung and the late Tsui Shui Cheung in England
Prior to Ephraem proceeding to England for his Master Degree in clinical psychology, we met a young girl Tsui Pui Han ( ) at the wedding party of Cheung Yan Lun's younger son. We then learnt that she was a daughter of Tsui Shui Cheung ( ) younger brother of ׄ Wan Cheung, and a son of Tsui Yan Wai, my uncle. Pui Han's mother was is Lam Yee Kiu ( ), a girl from the Village of Nam Wah Po near Hong Lok Yuen in the New Territories. Pui Han was at the time on holiday in Hongkong, her mother with a brother and a sister, were operating a restaurant in London, England to where they had migrated many years ago. Shui Cheung died some years ago, but his younger brother Kam Cheung ( ) who has also migrated to England round about the same time, is still in the restaurant business in England. Their yet younger brother Tsui Shek Cheung ( ), who decided to remain with his aging father Tsui Yan Wai to be a farmer in the village, subsequently died in Tsim Hang Village where life might have proved to be too hard for both of them under communist rule. I have no knowledge and have not heard of any news about their youngest sister, Tsui Din Ying ( ) for a long time.
The other three sisters of my father
A few words might be said about three other sisters of my father. His eldest sister, Tsui Yuk Ying ( ) was married to a Ku ( ) family of Mui Yuen ( ), but they had migrated to Sarawak way back more than 60 years ago. I last met Auntie Yuk Ying in the year 1923, (the year when my brother Stephen was born) when she passed through Hongkong on her way back to Sarawak. It was mentioned once some years ago by my father that Auntie Yuk Ying's eldest son, who worked as an interpreter for an Oil Company in Sarawak, once made an attempt shortly after the War contact my father in Borneo, but they did not meet.
My father's nineth (younger) sister Tsui Woon Ying ( ) married Cheung ui Yan but unfortunately she did not live long. Her children accompanied their father Cheung Kui Yan migrated to Jesselton British North Borneo in the early Thirties, where they first worked in my father's rubber plantation as indentured labourers; but on completion of their contracts they bought small-hold plantations of their own, and have since been getting on well in what is now Kota Kina Balu Sabah Eastern Malaysia.
My father's 3rd sister Tsui Fook Tuen ( ) though widowed fairly young, managed to live up to the venerable age of over 90. She too in the later stage of her life, learnt to become a lay catechist. She had a hunch back daughter, Ah Lan ( ) who for a time worked as a domestice helper in our house in Fanling assisting in taking care of my younger brothers, way back in the late Twenties; but Ah Lan did not live long. My aunt had an adopted son Cheung Shek Chiu ( ), about whom we have not heard much.
Our fourth cousins, Tsui Chan Yin and others
Tsui Cahn Yin ( ), father in law of David Shum and a teacher at the Tsung Hi School for many years, is a son of Tsui Yee Tsui Yan Yuen ( ), a second cousin to my father. Tsui Yan Yuen the son of Tsui Wang Hong ( ), had three other sons of his own; namely, Tsui Yee Ying, Tsui Yee Tat and Tsui Yee Wah. Tsui Yee Ying better known by his other name Tsui Yuk Man ( ) or by his pet name as "Ah Kuen Gor" ( ), was a military medical officer, properly trained at the Military Medical Academy for North China in the late Ching Dynasty. For a time he was the Medical Superintendent of a Divisional Field Hospital with which he duties called upon him to have travelled as far as Sze Chuan Province. On his retirement, he founded a medical training school in the village, designed to train medical orderlies to serve the rural communities in the up country. Currently in Hongkong, we have, apart from the above described Tsui Chan Yin we also have (a) Tsui Sheung Yin (b) Tsui Bun Yin (c) Tsui Chuen Yin and Tsui Bin Yin, Tsui Ki Yin who are sons of Tsui Yee Tat and Tsui Yee Ying respectively. We normally meet them on social occasions, such as weddings and funerals. Sheung Yin used to come occasionally to my house for a game of mahjong, but he has given up doing so in recent years on grounds of ill health.
On Rose's (i.e. Mama's) side of the family
Rose has three sisters; namely, Philomena Lin Suk Man, Agnes Lin Kit Man, Catherine Lin Bik Man and brother Dennis Lin Ying Sui. Philo married Lau Kin Fat ( ) from Mauritius, and they have a son ˆKenneth Lau Yuet Hung ( ) who married Gloria, who in turn gave birth to two sons and a daughter. Philo has two daughters, Beatrice and Christine; the latter married a Police Inspector Ginger, and they have a son and a daughter. Agnes married my brother ̈́Mark, and they have a son and a daughter ( ). Catherine married Jayson Vun ( ) from Malaysia, and they have three daughters, Clare (Mrs Wong), Carol (Mrs Leung ) Stephanie (Mrs.Lau) Denis is divorced, but has a daughterLai Lai ( ). Rose has two half brothers from different mothers; namely, Lin Yun Sang ( ) who died some years ago; and Lin ?? who is in China. Rose has two half sisters; one name Ki Fung ( ) and the other Lai Yuk ( ). Their father had two blood brothers; Lin Yan Sau ( ) and Lin Tat Cheong ( ) and two half brothers; namely, Lin Yan cheung Lin Yan On ( ), and a half sister, Lin Wah ( ) They also have a few cousins, including Lin Yun Nin, Lin Po, Lin Hing and Lin Fat. Other distant cousins included Lin Tit, Lin Tung Choi and Lin Ping Yee. Lin Chung Pak ( ) a practising solicitor in Hongkong, is also a distant cousin of Rose.Lin Yee Sun ( ) son-in-law of Tsui Him Cheung, is also believed to be a distant cousin of Rose, so was the mother-in-law of Tsui Chee Cheung and her protege Lin Tung Shing ( ).
Rose's mother ranks No.17th in the family; she had only three brothers but many sisters. Rose's maternal grandfather Wong Oi Chow ( ), was reputed to be very rich and was nicknamed "Wong Pak Man" when very young. He was a philanthropist, donating huge sums of money for hospitals in Hongkong as well as in Canton (including the Tung Wah Hospital) He made his fortune by making preserved gingers, trading under the name Man Lung Ginger Factory ( ), which employed hundreds of workers. Unfortunately he died relatively young (at the age of 42), when an epidemic of plague attacked Hongkong, some 130 years ago. In his life time he held extensive properties in Canton and in Pun U county, and his house, which Rose visited when she was young, reminded her of the fabulous mansions narated in novels such as the Dream of the Red Chamber. Surviving to day, amongst the sisters of Rose's mother, there is still the 16th Aunt, named Wong Chi Yuen ( ), who returned from Canada when young, to establish a vocational training institute for young women, by the name Lok Tzi Wui ( ). Aunt 16th now claims to be over 90 years of age, and she has only recently returned from Australia, where her husband Kwok Pat Ming ( ) related to the Kwoks of the Wing On Co., died a few years ago. Kwok Pat Ming was originally married to Rose's mother's eldest sister who was a returned student from Moscow; but not long after her return she was arrested and executed for participating the then revolution in Canton. Aunt 16th married the widower brother-in-law many years thereafter. Rose has many cousins, inlcuding Kowk Chi Yuk ( ) who married Chan Lim Chung ( ), Kwok Chun Man a return student from France, Chan Po Chee ( ) daughter of 6th Aunt, who has a son, Chu Ching ( ), currently serving as Traffic Engineer for the Hongkong Government, Chan Po Sin ( ) the photographer, and Chan Po Cheong ( ) who is in Canton, Ho Chi Kau and Ho Chi Kin ( ) , sons of the 15th Aunt, Ko Wing Hong ( ), the accountant, who is the daughter of 7th Aunt. Two daughters of Uncle No.2, Wing King Sing ( ) who marriedLi Hong Si ( ) and Wong Hing Wan ( ) who for a time was the publisher of a magazine for children who afterwards chose to return to China. Others whom Rose had lost touch could not be fully listed.